**Introduction:**

Top 10 Indian Mathematician: Pioneering mathematicians from India have made major contributions to the field, and the country boasts a historic history of mathematical inventions and discoveries. * Indian mathematicians* have had a profound impact on mathematics throughout history, influencing successive generations of academics and affecting the field’s progress from antiquity to the present. Let’s set out on a quest to identify the top 10 Indian mathematicians and explore their outstanding contributions to mathematics and inventions.

The ancient Indian mathematician and astronomer Aryabhata (476–550 CE) is best known for his foundational work “Aryabhatiya.” He produced important advances in astronomy, trigonometry, and algebra. The idea of “zero” as a placeholder in positional notation, which established the basis for the decimal number system, is arguably Aryabhata’s most important invention.

**598–668 CE:**

Brahmagupta was a renowned astronomer and mathematician well known for his “Brahmasphutasiddhanta.” His contributions to algebra were groundbreaking; he developed the concepts of zero as a number and its properties, as well as the methods for solving quadratic equations.

**Bhaskara II (1114–1185 CE):**

Also called Bhaskaracharya, Bhaskara II was a distinguished mathematician and astronomer whose “Lilavati” is a masterwork in algebra and arithmetic. Along with creating the fundamentals of differential calculus, he also made major advances in geometry and trigonometry research.**Madhava of Sangamagrama (1340–1425 CE):**

The founder of the Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics, Madhava of Sangamagrama, was a trailblazing mathematician. Among the many amazing discoveries, he made in calculus were the infinite series expansions for trigonometric functions like arctangent, sine, and cosine.**Nilakantha Somayaji (1444–1544 CE):**

Nilakantha Somayaji was a well-known mathematician and astronomer who made important advances in geometry, astronomy, and calculus. He created his own computational methods and performed accurate calculations on celestial events.**Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887–1920):**

A legendary mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan made significant contributions to number theory, analysis, and continuous fractions. The Ramanujan prime, the Ramanujan theta function, and Ramanujan’s conjecture regarding the partition of numbers are among his discoveries.

Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao, often known as C. R. Rao, is a renowned statistician and mathematician who lived from 1920 until the present. He made important advances in statistical inference, multivariate analysis, and linear algebra. Rao’s contributions established the groundwork for contemporary statistical theory and practice.**1923–1983, Harish–Chandra:**

Renowned for his contributions to mathematical physics, harmonic analysis, and representation theory, Harish-Chandra was a gifted mathematician. His research on Lie groups and Lie algebras has had a significant influence on many branches of theoretical physics and mathematics.**Manjul Bhargava (born 1974):**

Renowned mathematician Manjul Bhargava is renowned for his revolutionary contributions to number theory, especially in the areas of elliptic curves and algebraic integers. In 2014, he received the Fields Medal in recognition of his significant contributions to mathematics.

Terence Tao (1975–present) is a renowned mathematician renowned for his outstanding contributions to number theory, harmonic analysis, and partial differential equations, among other areas. He is well known for his ground-breaking discoveries in arithmetic combinatorics and prime number theory.

**In conclusion**,

There is a wide range of intellectual prowess and inventiveness among the top 10 Indian mathematicians mentioned above. Their ground-breaking discoveries and contributions have inspired generations of academics and mathematicians worldwide in addition to enriching the area of mathematics. Let’s commemorate the enduring legacy of these outstanding brains and continue to explore the intriguing field of mathematics as we celebrate their astounding accomplishments.